Grand Junction is a Home Rule Municipality that is the capital and most populous municipality in Mesa County, Colorado. It is a major commercial and transportation hub over a large area between the Green River (Colorado River tributary) and the Americas' Continental Divide.
From the arrival of settlers in the 1880s to the 1960s, the three main economic activities in the region were agriculture, fruit growing and animal husbandry. The orchards, especially between Grand Junction and the Palisade in the east, remain important to the region's reputation and economy to this day. The most commonly grown are peaches, pears, apricots, plums, cherries, and grapes for wine, especially since the 1980s.
Retail sales have been important to the economy for decades (for example, gasoline, hunting and fishing sales), and activities related to uranium mining. By 2008, the economy of Grand Junction was more diversified and more stable than in previous decades. The main economic growth sources were healthcare, tourism, agriculture, livestock and energy (gas and oil). Large energy companies have again invested large sums of money due to rising oil and natural gas prices.
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